City commissioning sculpture of Quetzalcoatl is not a violation of the Establishment Clause.

May 5, 2011

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268 Municipal CorporationsMunicipality’s commissioning sculpture of Quetzalcoatl, the “Plumed Serpent” of Aztec mythology, to commemorate Mexican contributions to city’s culture did not implicate cognizable religious interests within compass of establishment clause, notwithstanding New Age texts attesting to role of Quetzalcoatl in authors’ individual, subjective experiences; while invoking ultimate concerns, New Age concepts did not demonstrate any shared or comprehensive doctrine or display any structural characteristics or formal signs associated with traditional religions, given absence of organization, membership, moral or behavioral obligations, comprehensive creed, particular texts, rituals, or guidelines, particular object or objects of worship, or requirement that anyone give up religious beliefs he or she already holds.
Alvarado v. City of San Jose, 94 F.3d 1223 (9th Cir. 1996)