November 5, 2012
KeyCite Citing References help you investigate how other authorities have interpreted a particular document. Citing References are available for several types of documents including cases, statutes, regulations, patents, and secondary sources. On WestlawNext you can search within Citing References, making it easy to narrow to more relevant results because you are searching within a list of all documents that specifically cite to a particular document. This Tip of the Week will show you how to search within Citing References and how to efficiently review your results.
Start with any document that has citing references. In this case let’s start with a federal statute, 29 U.S.C.A. § 666. Pull up the citation and then click on the Citing References tab.
From here you can see that there are 3,583 documents on WestlawNext that cite to 29 U.S.C.A. § 666, as well as how many results there are for each document type.
Use the Search within results box to enter a search. This search box uses Boolean Terms & Connectors. Once you place your cursor in the box it becomes larger and you can see search tips at the bottom. You can also apply filters before or after you search within, or at the same time by clicking on Select Multiple Filters.
Let’s search for cases that mention the phrase “private right of action”. This quickly narrows our results down to 19 cases. Your search terms are highlighted in purple, making it easy to spot the important portions of the results.
A recent enhancement to WestlawNext allows you to review these results in sequence by term or by document, like you would any other result list on WestlawNext. Click on the first result, Freese v. USCIS Nebraska Service Center.
From within the document you can browse using the Search term arrows making it easy to quickly review your results. Clicking the Search term arrows will take you directly into the next document on the list of results once you have clicked through all of the terms in a document. You no longer have to go back to the Citing References result list to open the next result. You can also browse document to document using the arrows on either side of “1 of 19 results”. This enhancement improves your workflow making it easy to review each result in sequence.